The way of life and social structure of the Slavs

The Slavs led a sedentary lifestyle. Their settlements were usually erected along rivers, lakes and marshes, and in most cases not fortified. The Slavs relied on the natural protection provided by the landscape of the area. Larger settlements were encircled by a wooden palisade, and sometimes additionally by a moat or an earth rampart.

The main type of dwelling was the “zemlyanka” dugout or semi-dugout. It was made of wattle and daub or clay, and later in stone. The roof was usually made of non-durable material – like straw or reeds.
The main livelihood of the Slavs was focused around agriculture. They also raised small amounts of cattle - sheep, goats. They also frequently used hunting and fishing.
The Slavs were versed craftsmen in the creation of logboats, with which they moved on the rivers and water basins, near which their homes were located.
Excavated artifacts also testify of the good development of other crafts - pottery, weaving, carpentry and blacksmithing.

The main social unit was the rural ancestral municipality, headed by an elder. Its members were related to blood bond and shared ownership of pastures, forests, rivers and more. Several clans and communities formed a tribe ruled by a prince. His power was limited by the so-called “veche”, the general assembly of the tribe, which included only male warriors. The Slavs live in a democracy, but the lack of a unified central government and common legal rules prevent them from establishing a stable statehood.